By Agamenon R. E. Oliveira
This booklet strains the heritage of the idea that of labor from its earliest phases and exhibits that its extra formalization ends up in equilibrium precept and to the main of digital works, and so pointing the way in which forward for destiny examine and applications.
The concept that whatever is still consistent in a computing device operation is particularly previous and has been expressed via many mathematicians and philosophers resembling, for example, Aristotle. hence, an idea of power constructed. one other vital inspiration in computing device operation is Archimedes' lever principle.
In sleek instances the concept that of labor is analyzed within the context of utilized mechanics normally in Lazare Carnot mechanics and the mechanics of the recent new release of polytechnical engineers like Navier, Coriolis and Poncelet. during this context the notice "work" is ultimately followed. those engineers also are liable for the incorporation of the concept that of labor into the self-discipline of economics once they endeavoured to mix the learn of the paintings of machines and males together.
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Extra resources for A History of the Work Concept: From Physics to Economics
Northern countries, obviously industrialized and well developed, grew up based on unlimited consumption of combustible fossils being a fundamental cause of climatic crisis. In addition, these countries have appropriated the atmosphere and the oceans as a “global common good”, as well as modifying the capacity of carbon absorption of the biosphere. Another important consideration is that these countries represent less than 20 % of the world population and yet their atmospheric emissions are around 75 %.
First of all Marxist theory emphasizes in a special way the question of objectivity, meaning the independence of reality from our ideas or other kind of representations of reality. In other words, to Marxist theory reality has an ontological character. A second question is the role of the labour process for acquiring knowledge and therefore the social character of knowledge. These two fundamental characteristics, objectivity and labour, have discarded empiricism, idealism, skepticism and dogmatism as isolated forms that cannot alone explain the knowledge process.
Marx refers to Feuerbach’s materialism and analyses knowledge as knowledge about the world created by man that does not exist outside history, society and industry and which is not taken into account by Feuerbach. With respect to philosophical idealism Marx shows that this philosophy has developed the active aspect of reality that is the same as subjective activity within the knowledge process. The knowledge process is not the perception of objects from immediate reality but a consequence of human activity.
A History of the Work Concept: From Physics to Economics by Agamenon R. E. Oliveira