By Günther Ludwig
Written within the culture of G. Ludwig’s groundbreaking works, this e-book goals to explain and formulate extra exactly the primary principles of actual theories. via introducing a uncomplicated descriptive language of straightforward shape, during which it really is attainable to formulate recorded evidence, ambiguities of actual theories are shunned up to attainable. during this procedure the sphere of physics that are meant to be defined by means of a conception relies on uncomplicated suggestions basically, i.e. strategies that may be defined with no thought. during this context the authors introduce a brand new thought of idealization and evaluation the method of getting to know new techniques. they think that, whilst the theories are formulated inside of an axiomatic foundation, recommendations are available to many tricky difficulties equivalent to the translation of actual theories, the kinfolk among theories in addition to the advent of actual suggestions. The booklet addresses either physicists and philosophers of technological know-how and will motivate the reader to give a contribution to the knowledge of the lasting middle of actual wisdom concerning the actual constructions of the area.
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Additional info for A New Foundation of Physical Theories
En , one obtains new sets. Such a process, applicable in a ﬁnite number of steps, is called an echelon construction and the set thus obtained is called an echelon. The sets E1 , . . , En are the base sets of the echelon construction. We denote an echelon by S(E1 , . . , En ), where the letter S denotes the echelon construction scheme, whereby one obtained the echelon. If E1 , . . , En are n diﬀerent sets, then S(E1 , . . , En ) is also an echelon of scheme S, but on the base sets E1 , . .
To obtain from this CD an impression of the physically noninteresting sound of the symphony, which is for us the essential value of the CD, implies the construction of a good hi-ﬁ installation system. However, the construction of this system requires a good physical and psychological knowledge. The above formulation (p) and (r) of sentences of the basic language is not suﬃcient; we have to say something more about the possibility that real numbers can appear in sentences of the form (r). They cannot appear from direct observations, since we cannot ﬁnd real numbers in nature.
This means that only the facts denoted by sentences, using terms that designate property or relation concepts belonging to the context related to the application domain Ap , can be taken into account. Let us recall that we want to exclude from Ap all objects that do not have at least one basic property! , that we want to describe by the intended theory only such objects which are marked spots. The application domain Ap consists of marked spots - and - distance relations between marked spots -. 3 Recording Rules By recording rules, we mean rules that ensure us the correspondence between a fact and its formulation under the form of a sentence in the basic language Bl .
A New Foundation of Physical Theories by Günther Ludwig