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A Summary of Scientific Method - download pdf or read online

By Peter Kosso

ISBN-10: 9400716133

ISBN-13: 9789400716131

A precis of clinical strategy is a quick description of what makes technological know-how medical. it truly is written in an immediate, transparent type that's available and informative for scientists and technology scholars. it truly is meant to assist technological know-how academics clarify how technological know-how works, highlighting strengths with no ignoring obstacles, and to assist scientists articulate the method and criteria in their paintings. The publication demonstrates that there are numerous very important specifications for being medical, and the main basic of those is retaining an intensive, interconnected, coherent community of rules. a few parts within the community are empirical, others are theoretical, and so they help one another. Clarifying the constitution of this net of information explains the position of the generally stated features of medical technique, such things as hypotheses, theories, trying out, facts, etc. A precis of medical approach offers a transparent, intuitive, and actual version of medical approach.

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Is this observing the particles? Or is this just an elaborate way to use the current particle paradigm to turn a theory into a visual image? We see images of DNA, as another example, produced by an ingenious process of gel electrophoresis. But if you had doubts about the existence of genes or the accuracy of the basics of genetic theory, doubts, in other words, about the accuracy of the paradigm, would this image be convincing? The answer to the question, How do I know this is DNA and these features are genes?

An account of understanding in social science will shed light on the role of understanding in natural sciences, and hence of this similarity between the two kinds of science. Understanding in social science is often portrayed in terms of hermeneutics, a method that is explicitly holistic and global. Individual ideas, actions, or symbols are meaningful only when they can be fit into their larger context. The big picture gives meaning to its own individual components. Ideas in isolation are without meaning, as individual mosaic tiles are without aesthetic value.

The most basic requirement of coherence is logical consistency. A network of scientific knowledge cannot tolerate contradiction. This is not to say that there are no contradictions lingering in the sciences, but where they are identified they must be addressed. Inconsistency between theory and observation plagued the solar neutrino problem, and that’s why it was such an important problem and an area of intense work. Contradiction cannot be ignored. 24 4 The Network of Knowledge Scientific claims must not only be consistent, they must be cooperative.

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A Summary of Scientific Method by Peter Kosso

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