By Ernest Furchtgott
I first met Ernest Furchtgott twenty-five years in the past after becoming a member of the school of the school of Social paintings on the college of South Carolina. at the moment, Ernie chaired the dept of Psychology. within the following 3 years we collaborated with a tutorial Committee on Gerontology in conceptualizing and shaping the University's certificates of Graduate examine in Gerontology software, guiding it to ultimate approval via the South Carolina fee on better schooling. For 20 years we group taught our graduate-level path, "Psychosocial techniques to Geron tology," related to colleagues from similar disciplines. through the years, we tested and together graded countless numbers of study posters ready by means of our graduate scholars in gerontology as their ultimate path requirement. a number of years in the past, Ernie officially retired from the collage. He in stantly agreed to my request that he proceed educating the psychology of getting older part of our interdisciplinary path. On campus approximately each day because retirement, Ernie usually telephoned to debate are cent article within the Gerontologist or a paper presentation that had ex pointed out him on the Gerontological Society's annual clinical assembly. He maintained a transparent presence within the educational community.
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The individual's immune reactivity is partially determined by the perception of the stressor. Conversely, the perception of the stressor may be influenced by the state of the immune system. This relationship is probably an expression of the interdependence of the immune system with neuroendocrines, mainly the hormones in the HPA system and the neuropeptides (Goya, 1991). Along with the relatively well-established evidence for certain neuroendocrine changes during aging, the immune system is also likely to be affected.
During the task performance, the skull is scanned with radiation detectors connected to a computer. This technique, positron emission tomography (PET), makes it feasible to localize and quantify the rate of glucose utilization. More recently, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, a noninvasive technique, has also been introduced in measuring brain functional activities. There are several sources available for brief descriptions of the various methods (Coffey, 1994; Pietrini & Rapoport, 1994). Under resting conditions, ,CBF, ,CMRo2 , and ,CMRgJc measures of brain metabolism show relatively high positive correlations with each other, but during activity, these relationships can change.
Again, a more detailed analysis of sexual behavior of older women, with emphasis on psychosocial factors, is discussed in Chapter 6. THE IMMUNE SYSTEM During the last two decades, psychologists have begun to investigate the relationships between behavior and the immune system, especially in conjuction with chronic stress. Among the many reviews, O'Leary (1990) wrote a good, brief introduction to psychoneuroimmunology that included some of the basic concepts. Cohen and Williamson (1991) analyzed potential relationships between psychological stressors and the development of infectious diseases.
Aging and Human Motivation by Ernest Furchtgott