By John M. Ziman
Professor Ziman offers a coherent account of the several views on technology and know-how which are typically studied lower than numerous disciplinary heads akin to philosophy of technological know-how, sociology of technology, and technological know-how coverage. it truly is meant for college kids embarking on classes in those topics and assumes no certain wisdom of any technological know-how. it's written in an immediate and straightforward kind, and technical language is seldom brought. it is going to entice scholars in quite a lot of medical disciplines and enhances Professor Ziman's previous books.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology
It must be communicable in a form that can be understood, and eventually connected with other conceptual relationships or with the results of observation. In most cases, this can be done within the conventional formalism of the science in question. For example, chemical hypotheses can usually be expressed diagrammatically in terms of three-dimensional atomic arrangements, whilst theoretical physics is almost always communicated in the symbolism of advanced mathematics. Indeed, every scientific specialty has an established repertoire of useful concepts and formalisms out of which new theories can normally be constructed (cf.
At a certain stage, as we move away from simple 'laws' and other phenomenologies, we tend to lose sight of the empirical ' factual* characteristics of the entities under discussion, and treat them purely as concepts, existing only in the domain of thought. Theories belong unequivocally to the world of ideas, and can only be expressed or communicated in symbolic form, such as by words, mathematical formulae, or diagrams. They assert structural relationships between concepts, which can be further manipulated in abstraction, according to logic or other 'laws of thought'.
But that would draw us into the traditional philosophical debates on solipsism and other variants of extreme scepticism. 102 on Sat May 04 20:07:34 WEST 2013. 004 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2013 36 Validity the world exists when nobody is looking at it, because scientific empiricism seems the simplest and most lucid example of the way in which all our knowledge of the external world is generated. Although we shall not pursue this point here, scientific knowledge is often held to be an ideal model of human knowledge in general.
An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology by John M. Ziman